What is the Capital of Ohio?

What is the Capital of Ohio

Columbus, the capital city of Ohio, didn’t exist as a city on its own until it was chosen as the state’s capital in 1816. This is not the case with the majority of the capital cities in the U.S. But if that was the case with Columbus, then Columbus must be very unique. Let’s talk about the beautiful state of Ohio and then the former cities that were chosen as its capital before getting to the unique city of Columbus.


Ohio, a state in the United States of America, is located on the extreme northeastern border of the Midwest region. It is one of the smaller states west of the Appalachian Mountains, ranking 34th on the list of the 50 states in terms of total area. The state’s population, on the other hand, places it near the top. After spending its early years as a state at Chillicothe and Zanesville, Ohio’s capital was finally settled in 1816 in the newly founded city of Columbus, which is advantageously located in the state’s geographic center. The name of the state is derived from the Ohio River, which is named after an Iroquoian term that literally translates to “great water.”

When Ohio was founded as the first state to be removed from the Northwest Territory, it became the 17th state to join the union. Following a long time of agricultural dominance, Ohio has transformed into a state that is strikingly emblematic of the urbanized, industrialized, and culturally diverse United States. Researchers commonly employ it as a test subject for political opinions, intellectual notions, and consumer items because the rhythm of its existence is so representative of the nation as a whole.

State Department

Home of Presidents, Ohio.

You may not know this, but former US presidents were born or lived in Ohio. They include William H. Harrison, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, and William H. Taft. Warren G. Harding was born in the state of Ohio.

It is probable that the state’s accessibility was the most essential factor in its growth. It became a corridor for transit between the East and the West due to its location between the Eastern Seaboard and the core of the Midwest, as well as the absence of any natural obstructions to mobility. Furthermore, the state is located in the heart of the country’s historic industrial belt, putting it close to considerable quantities of raw materials and labor, as well as markets in the East, Midwest, and South.

Read also: Best Places to Retire in the U.S

Chillicothe, the Principal Town

Chillicothe is a city in Ross County, Ohio, that served as the county seat in south-central Ohio in the year 1798. This city is located about 72 kilometers (45 miles) south of Columbus, situated between the Scioto River and Paint Creek. Mount Logan, which appears on the state seal, is located northeast of the city and serves as a magnificent backdrop. The town’s name comes from a Shawnee phrase that means “principal town,” and it wasn’t until Nathanael Massie led Virginians to establish the first permanent settlement there.


Chillicothe was the capital of the Northwest Territory from 1800 to 1803, became a city in 1802, and served as the capital of Ohio twice, from 1803 to 1810 and from 1812 to 1816. It was in this location that the first state constitution was drafted. The Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is located nearby, as are some of the state’s best-preserved examples of prehistoric Indian earthworks. The Ross County Historical Society Museum, which houses relics from early settlers and Native Americans, is located in the village. Additionally, Thomas Worthington, a U.S. senator and governor of Ohio, constructed the stone mansion known as the Adena State Memorial nearby in 1805–07.

The construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1831 and the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad in 1852, both of which are now known as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, resulted in an increase in commercial activity in the city, which is mostly focused on the distribution of local farm produce. The paper production industry started in 1812. Heavy vehicles and automobile parts are examples of manufactured goods. Chillicothe is home to an Ohio University satellite campus, which was founded in 1946.

Zanesville, the Pottery Capital of the World

Zanesville is a city in Muskingum County, Ohio, in the state’s east-central region. It is near the junction of the Muskingum and Licking Rivers, where the Y Bridge (1902) is also located. In exchange for constructing a route through the wilderness that at the time connected Maysville, Kentucky, to Limestone, the United States Congress gave Ebenezer Zane land on which to build the town in 1797. Zane assigned the land to his son-in-law, John McIntire, who planned Westbourne (1799; renamed Zanesville in 1801) and was instrumental in making it the county seat (1804) and state capital (1810–12).


The construction of the first Y Bridge in 1814, the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1829, and a series of locks and dams on the Muskingum River in 1841 were the first steps in the process of growing the economy. These advancements allowed products to be transported to eastern markets. Flooding in the Muskingum Valley in 1913 compelled Congress to fund the construction of 14 reservoirs, which were finished in 1938.

Zanesville, Ohio, used to be renowned as the “pottery capital of the world.” The city’s different pottery factories created domestic items such as bowls and pitchers, which are highly sought after by collectors today.

Columbus, Ohio Capital

Columbus began as a series of Native American towns along the Scioto River. Franklinton, now a city neighborhood, was the first European settlement and was established in 1797. The city was founded in 1812 at the junction of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers with the intention of becoming the state capital.

Ohio Capital

Today, Columbus is not just the state capital, but also the state’s largest city. It is home to more than 900,000 people. It is the second-largest city in the Midwest after Chicago and the third-largest state capitol by the same criteria. The metropolitan area as a whole has a population of over 2 million people.

In colloquial speech, some residents abbreviate the name to Cbus. Columbus is also referred to as:

  • The  City of Neighborhoods
  • Arch City,
  • Capital City
  • Cowtown, and
  • Discovery City

Columbus has about 150 National Register of Historic Places listings. Many of these are historic city buildings and areas. Visitors to the city can enjoy a variety of museums, possibilities for concerts and shows, professional sports teams, and over 350 parks.

Why Is Columbus the Capital of Ohio?

Columbus was the ideal choice for Ohio’s capital city because of its central location in the state. The population of Ohio was growing, and state officials demanded a new location for the state capital that could accommodate the state’s growing population. Furthermore, river travel, which was the most frequent mode of transportation in the early 1800s, was not difficult from this location.

The Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient peoples formerly inhabited the Columbus region along the Scioto River. This was before the people who colonized the area chose it as the site for Ohio’s state capitol. The naming of this location honors Christopher Columbus, a Genovese colonizer reputed for being exceptionally violent and vicious against Native Americans. Residents of the city petitioned to change the city’s name in 2020, and there have been efforts to remove all memorials and honors to Christopher Columbus in the city since the year 2000.

How many cities can be found in Ohio?

In the state of Ohio, there are currently 926 municipalities, with 253 cities and 673 villages making up the total.

What were some of the first towns to be established in Ohio?

Marietta is the oldest city in the state of Ohio. The United States established its first permanent settlement to the north and west of the Ohio River at that location. The name of the settlement was originally Adelphia; however, it would subsequently be changed to Marietta in honor of Queen Marie Antoinette of France.

Is it a good idea to make your home in Columbus, Ohio?

Yes. Columbus is a beautiful city to live in and offers its residents a wide range of attractions. Given the city’s size, the cost of living is relatively reasonable. Furthermore, the city offers a wealth of activities for people of all ages, including those with families and even retirees.

What are the top safest cities to live in Columbus, Ohio?

The seven most secure neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio :

  • Grandview Heights
  • Bexley
  • Italian Village
  • Worthington
  • Brewery District
  • Victorian Village and
  • Harrison West.

Which city in Ohio has the greatest variety of recreational opportunities?

Cleveland is a city that will appeal to you if you have any interest in any of the following areas: the outdoors, art, sports, food, or any combination of these interests.

How much is bus from Texas to Ohio?

Traveling from Texas to Ohio by bus or airplane? The fastest and most convenient way to go from Texas to Ohio is by air. It’ll take about 5 hours and 19 minutes and will cost $320 to $900. You also have the option of taking the bus, which would cost you between $190 and $280 and take 32 hours and 52 minutes.

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