Cybersecurity in Tech: Best 2023 Safeguarding Tips & Practices

cybersecurity in tech

With so much good coming from technology, it may be difficult to admit that potential risks lurk behind every device and platform. Nonetheless, despite society’s positive image of modern developments, cybersecurity threats posed by modern technology are a serious danger in tech and many other areas. A steady growth in cybercrime exposes vulnerabilities in the devices and services we rely on. This issue prompts us to consider cybersecurity, its importance, and what we can learn about it.

So, what exactly is cyber security? and how alarming are cyber security risks these days? In this article, you’ll learn about cybersecurity in tech and the best ways to safeguard your devices.

What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity protects internet-connected systems from cyber threats such as hardware, software, and data. Many individuals and businesses utilize the practice to prevent unauthorized access to data centers and other computerized systems.

A solid cybersecurity strategy can provide a good security posture against malicious attacks. Attacks such as; gaining access to, altering, deleting, destroying, or extorting an organization’s or user’s systems and sensitive data. Cybersecurity is also important in thwarting attacks that try to disable or disrupt the operation of a system or device.

What Is the Significance of Cybersecurity?

With an expanding number of users, devices, and programs in the modern organization and an increased deluge of data, most of it sensitive or confidential, the relevance of cybersecurity keeps growing. The increasing volume and skill of cyber attackers and attack strategies worsen the problem.

Types of Cybersecurity 

The cybersecurity field is divided into numerous sections, each of which must be coordinated inside the organization to ensure the success of a cybersecurity program. These sections are as follows:

Critical infrastructure security 

Critical infrastructure security safeguards computer systems, apps, networks, data, and digital assets on which society relies for national security, economic health, and public safety. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States has produced a cybersecurity framework to assist IT providers in this area. Meanwhile the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) provides additional assistance.

Network security 

Network security prevents unauthorized access to network resources and identifies and stops ongoing cyberattacks and network security breaches—all while ensuring authorized users have secure access to the network resources they require when needed.

Endpoint security 

Servers, desktops, laptops, and mobile devices remain the most common cyberattack entry points. Endpoint security protects these devices and their users from attacks and the network from adversaries who employ endpoints to launch attacks.

Application Security 

Application security protects on-premises and cloud-based applications by preventing unauthorized access to and usage of apps and related data, as well as defects or vulnerabilities in application design that hackers can exploit to breach the network. Security and security testing are built into the development process in modern application development methods, such as DevOps and DevSecOps.

Cloud Security 

Cloud security protects a company’s cloud-based services and assets, which include apps, data, storage, development tools, virtual servers, and cloud infrastructure. In general, cloud security follows the shared responsibility model, which states that the cloud provider is responsible for securing the services they provide as well as the infrastructure used to provide them, while the customer is responsible for protecting their data, code, and other assets stored or run in the cloud. The specifics differ based on the cloud services used.

Information Security 

Information or data security (InfoSec) protects an organization’s sensitive information—digital files and data, paper documents, physical media, and even human speech—against unauthorised access, disclosure, use, or alteration. Data security, or the protection of digital information, is a subset of information security and the target of most cybersecurity-related InfoSec measures.

Mobile Security 

Mobile security comprises a variety of smartphone and mobile device-specific disciplines and technologies, such as mobile application management (MAM) and enterprise mobility management (EMM). It is now accessible as part of unified endpoint management (UEM) systems, which enable setup and security administration for all endpoints (including mobile devices) from a single console.

Others are;

Maintaining cybersecurity in an ever-changing threat landscape presents a challenge for all organizations. Traditional reactive tactics, in which resources were directed towards safeguarding systems against the most serious known risks while less serious threats went undefended, are no longer adequate. A more proactive and flexible approach is required to stay up with shifting security threats.  Several important cybersecurity advisory organizations offer assistance. Furthermore, to guard against known and unexpected risks, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) suggests using continuous monitoring and real-time assessments as part of a risk assessment framework.

Benefits of Cybersecurity?

There are several benefits that he advantages of establishing and maintaining cybersecurity practices include:

  • Business security against cyberattacks and data breaches.
  • Data and network security.
  • Unauthorised user access is prevented.
  • Improved recovery time following a breach.
  • End-user and endpoint device protection.
  • Regulatory compliance
  • Business continuity.
  • Increased trust and confidence in the company’s reputation among developers, partners, users, stakeholders, and employees.

What Are the Different Types of Cybersecurity Threats?

It is difficult to keep up with new technology, security trends, and threat intelligence. However, it is important to protect information and other assets against cyber threats, which come in various forms. The following are examples of cyber threats:

Malware

This is a kind of malicious software that can use any file or program to harm a computer user. Worms, viruses, Trojans, and spyware are all examples of malware.

Ransomware

Ransomware is another form of malware which involves an attacker encrypting and locking the victim’s computer system files and demanding payment to decrypt and unlock them.

Social engineering

Social engineering is a form of cyberattack that focuses on human interaction. It tricks users into violating security protocols to obtain sensitive information that is normally safeguarded.

Phishing

It’s a type of social engineering in which fake email or text messages that appear to be from legitimate or well-known sources are delivered. These messages, frequently random attacks, aim to steal sensitive data, such as credit card or login information.

Insider threats

These are defined as security breaches or losses caused by humans, such as staff, contractors, or customers. Insider threats can be malicious or careless in nature.

Distributed denial of service (DDoS)

Cyberattacks are ones in which several systems disrupt the traffic of a single system, such as a server, website, or other network resource. Attackers can slow or damage the system by flooding it with messages, connection requests, or packets, preventing genuine traffic from accessing it.

Advanced persistent threats (APTs)

These are long-term targeted attacks in which attackers infiltrate a network and remain unnoticed for extended periods to steal data.

Man-in-the-middle (MitM)

This is when an attacker intercepting and forwarding messages between two parties who believe they are interacting with one other.

Meanwhile, botnets, drive-by-download attacks, exploit kits, malvertizing, vishing, credential stuffing attacks, cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, SQL injection attacks, business email compromise (BEC), and zero-day exploits are examples of other common attacks.

Key Cybersecurity Tips and Practices

Some of the most popular and effective cybersecurity advice for businesses and for users who can learn the necessary skills to protect their data from unauthorized access and attacks are listed below in this blog.

#1. Don’t be in a rush to click

This is one of the major Cyber Security email advice you should adopt and practice regularly to protect your data. Watch for unknown links in emails, messages, or while visiting other unsafe websites.

Clickjacking is one of the most widespread ways hackers can access your personal information. Just because you can click these links does not mean you should. If these links are malicious, you could lose large sums of money and harm your life in various ways.

Links in emails, such as password recovery emails and bank statements, are among the most common ways for hackers to deceive and steal your personal information. The false sites attached to these links are awfully similar to the actual ones, where hackers will trick you into providing your personal information to obtain access to your account.

#2. Passwords should be strong and varied.

This is another important cyber security tip for users. It may be convenient to use and remember the same password for your accounts across numerous platforms, but it makes your account less safe. You should use different passwords for each of your accounts. Even if a company where you have an account is breached or hackers gain access to one of your account credentials, these credentials will not function on other websites if you follow this practice.

You should also use strong passwords for your accounts, which are essential for online security. To make your passwords strong and safe, consult the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s password policy standards and consider the following:

  • Passwords should have at least 8 characters and a maximum of 64 characters.
  • Never use the same password more than once.
  • Use one uppercase letter, one lowercase letter, one number, and a few symbols other than &, #, _, @, etc.
  • Use easy-to-remember passwords and avoid leaving clues in the open or making them public.
  • Change your password and reset it frequently.

#3. Use a Password Manager Program 

It may be difficult to remember many passwords for different accounts, which is where a password manager comes in. A password manager program allows you to store and manage all your passwords in one place. These passwords will be accessible via a single master key’ password. This will assist you in keeping these credentials secret and prevent you from writing down your passwords, which is one of the most dangerous means of storing passwords.  It is especially important to have cyber safety and security awareness in this digital age.

KeePass, LastPass, 1Password, Dashlane, and Roboform are some of the most popular password managers. While some are completely free, others have both free and paid versions.

#4. Enable Two-factor or Multi-factor Authentication (MFA).

You only need your user ID and password to sign in to your account. However, the MFA service allows you to add extra security layers to the regular use of passwords for online authentication purposes.  This will demand you to add additional means of authentication, such as a code, fingerprint, OTP in your phone number or email, and so on, in addition to the password. With this strategy, you must input more than two credentials while signing in, making it more difficult for hackers to access your data. This is another important cybersecurity measure you need to implement.

#5. Regularly check for CERT-In updates. 

CERT-It is an abbreviation for Computer Emergency Readiness Team-India. It started operations in January 2004 and is part of the Indian Cyber community. CERT-In is essentially the national agency in charge of performing numerous activities in the Cyber Security sector, such as cyber security incident forecasting and alerts, emergency response actions for dealing with cyber security events, and so on. As a result, checking CERT-In updates frequently is vital for dealing with cyber incidents.

#6. Always update your systems

Another significant cyber security tip is to keep your browsers, software, and operating systems up to date. This is one of the most crucial cybersecurity tips for organizations and users. If your organization uses firewalls for security, you must also update them. The older your system and its setup, the longer hackers have to uncover and exploit all vulnerabilities. Updating them will keep attackers from exploiting them until new updates are released.

#7. Use firewalls and anti-virus software.

Hackers can access your data by attacking your systems and networks with malware, viruses, phishing attacks, trojans, spyware, and other means. Your system can defend itself against these attacks with the help of anti-virus software and firewalls. You must ensure that your firewall or software is routinely updated and prevents such cyber attacks.

You can use antivirus software such as McAfee, TOTAL AV, Norton, and others and firewalls such as NGFW, NAT firewalls, etc. It is important that you, as a user or employee, have cybersecurity awareness to keep your data safe from all potential threats.

#8. Avoid using debit cards online.

One of the most useful Cyber Security strategies you can implement is concerning online transactions and payments. Avoid using debit cards or any other payment method directly linked to your bank account when purchasing services or products online. Rather, you can use programs such as PayPal or credit cards, which will protect your bank accounts.

Understand How Phishing Attacks Work

In phishing attacks, hackers pretend to be someone else to deceive you into giving them your credentials, clicking on a malicious link, or opening files or attachments that contain viruses or other malware. This may result in a ransom attack. Some preventative measures you can take to avoid being a victim of a phishing scam are as follows:

  • Never open emails from unknown senders or sources.
  • Hover over the links before clicking to see where they take you, and if the link appears risky, do not click it.
  • Check for grammatical flaws and the sender’s identity.
  • Educate your friends and family about such errors so they do not open or forward such emails to you without your knowledge.

Steer clear of unfamiliar websites.

When you come across new sites shared by friends or strangers online, be wary because some may contain drive-by download attacks that might compromise your system data.

This attack does not require clicking on anything to infect the device.  When you click on the website’s link, it attacks your system by injecting malicious code. As a result, it is advised to avoid such websites and instead visit only well-established ones you are familiar with.

Avoid unnecessary downloads

Downloads are among the most common methods attackers and hackers use to access your networks and systems. You should limit your downloads to protect your computers and data from such dangers.

Moreover, avoid installing unneeded software and browser extensions. Employees in an organization should be given permission before downloading software from the internet. One of the cybersecurity precautions you may take to download safely is to use the custom installation process when installing anything and carefully follow each step. If you see pop-ups advertising extensions or add-ons throughout the installation process, you must decline them.

Maintain caution on social media

Yes, in our current digital period. it is simple to reconnect and communicate with our friends and family using numerous social media platforms on the internet, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, LinkedIn, and others. However, you must exercise caution in what you share with them online. Hackers can learn a lot from your social media pages and profiles. As a result, restrict the information you give online because hackers can easily find it.

Back up your data regularly

Backups are simply copies of files or network data that can be restored in the event of damage or loss. Data loss and file damage may result from cyber attacks. Even after paying the ransom, there is no guarantee that the attackers will return the stolen data. As a result, it is always important to create data backups to limit the loss caused by cyberattacks.

Avoid using public WIFI without a VPN

Pair it with a Virtual Private Network (VPN) if you use public WIFI. VPN protects your device by encrypting traffic between the server and your device. This makes it more difficult for hackers to get your personal data by hacking into your device. If you do not have a VPN on your device, you should access the internet using a mobile network or other means.

Perform penetration testing

Penetration testing replicates a real-world cyber attack on your network and systems, allowing you to detect and resolve vulnerabilities. This can involve putting your website, applications, and network infrastructure through security tests.

Protect Your Data

You must have cybersecurity awareness to protect your data from external threats and hackers. This article has provided some of the most useful tips for protecting your personal data and systems from such attacks. To understand more about the attacks and how to prevent them, apply for cybersecurity programs and learn more about this IT subject.

FAQs

Is Cybersecurity in the Tech Field?

The simple answer is yes. Many careers in information technology, engineering technology, computer science, and software development may undoubtedly be classified as tech jobs. However, the term can also be used for other jobs based on its role, company, or the nature of its products.

Cybersecurity specialists investigate computer networks and systems for security vulnerabilities, monitor them for security breaches, protect sensitive information, set standards and the best practices for their organizations. They occasionally assume the role of an ethical hacker to discover system flaws that could be exploited in a security breach. Cybersecurity is therefore classified as a role-based tech job.

What Is the Role of Cybersecurity in It?

At the highest level, cybersecurity specialists safeguard IT infrastructure, edge devices, networks, and data. They are responsible for preventing data breaches and monitoring and responding to attacks.

What Are the 7 Stages of Cybersecurity?

The Lockheed Martin (2022) Cyber Kill Chain concept illustrates how attackers migrate through networks looking for vulnerabilities to exploit. Therefore, many attackers execute the Cyber Kill Chain phases when conducting offensive operations in cyberspace against their targets. If you’re in charge of network defense, this model can help you understand the stages of a cyberattack and the steps you can take to avoid or intercept each stage.

Reconnaissance, weaponization, delivery, exploitation, installation, command and control (C2), and actions on goals are the seven stages of the Cyber Kill Chain. 

1. Reconnaissance

Reconnaissance is the initial stage in the Cyber Kill Chain and involves investigating possible targets before conducting penetration testing. The reconnaissance stage may entail identifying possible targets, uncovering their weaknesses, determining which third parties are connected to them (and what data they can access), and researching current and new entryways. Online and offline reconnaissance are also possible.

2. Weaponization

After reconnaissance has taken place and the attacker has learned all required information about potential targets, such as vulnerabilities, the Cyber Kill Chain moves on to the weaponization stage. The attacker’s preliminary effort culminates in the production of malware to be utilized against a specific target during the weaponization step. Weaponization can entail developing new types of malware or modifying existing tools for use in a cyberattack. Cybercriminals, for example, may make minimal changes to an existing ransomware variant to develop a new Cyber Kill Chain tool.

3. Delivery

Cyberweapons and other Cyber Kill Chain tools are utilized in the delivery phase to infiltrate a target’s network and reach users. Delivery may entail sending phishing emails with malware attachments and subject lines encouraging victims to click through. Delivery can also infiltrate an organization’s network by hacking into it and exploiting a hardware or software vulnerability.

4. Exploitation

Following delivery and weaponization comes the stage of exploitation. In the exploitation stage of the Cyber Kill Chain, attackers use vulnerabilities uncovered in previous phases to further infiltrate a target’s network and achieve their goals. Cybercriminals frequently migrate laterally across a network to access their targets throughout this procedure. Exploitation can sometimes lead attackers to their targets if those responsible for the network have not implemented deception measures.

5. Installation

After cybercriminals have gained access to a network by exploiting its vulnerabilities, they begin the installation stage of the Cyber Kill Chain by attempting to install malware and other cyberweapons onto the target network to seize control of its systems and exfiltrate vital data. Cybercriminals may use Trojan horses, backdoors, or command-line interfaces to install cyberweapons and malware at this step.

6. Command and control

Cybercriminals interact with the malware they’ve planted on a target’s network in the C2 stage of the Cyber Kill Chain to instruct cyberweapons or tools to carry out their objectives. For instance, attackers can use communication channels to tell computers infected with the Mirai botnet virus to flood a website with traffic or C2 servers to command machines to carry out cybercrime objectives.

7. Actions on Objective

Cybercriminals begin the final stage of the Cyber Kill Chain after developing cyberweapons, installing them on a target’s network, and gaining control of their target’s network. While the goals of cybercriminals differ depending on the type of cyberattack, some examples include using a botnet to disrupt services with a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, distributing malware to steal sensitive data from a target organization, and using ransomware as a cyber extortion tool.

How to prevent these attacks

Despite the high risk and potentially devastating damage that a cyber attack may wreak on a business, there are measures to prevent attackers from engaging in illegal conduct. 

At first look, it appears crucial to guarantee that you and your staff are informed about the most recommended cyber resilience and security measures. On a basic level, these are:

  • Strong, one-of-a-kind passwords for each system or application.
  • Activate two-factor authentication (TFA) or multi-factor authentication (MFA) on all devices.
  • Patching and updating all essential systems and apps regularly.
  • Securing any network and providing distant workers with restricted VPN access.
  • Purchasing powerful antivirus software with a built-in firewall and internet security protection. 

While the abovementioned methods will give your company and team a stronger first line of defense, the strength comes from improved awareness, regular personnel upskilling, and a solid strategy. Establishing and maintaining a cybersecurity risk management plan, with clearly defined policies and commitments from present and future workers, are all foundations of adequate resilience.

What Are the 3 C’s of Cybersecurity?

The three C’s— communication, collaboration and creativity- is a prevention-first approach which helps defend critical infrastructure by making it more resilient and better equipped to respond to cyberattacks.

Comprehensive – The complexity of attack vectors is continually evolving. Ensure your organization is secure across all channels, from email and IoT devices to cloud networks and endpoints.  If one vector remains open, it could seriously compromise important infrastructure, similar to the attack on the Colonial Pipeline. A complete solution that addresses all vectors is required to avoid an incident in the first place.

Consolidated: Consolidating cyber security architecture reduces interoperability difficulties while boosting visibility and control over security measures. By adopting a consolidated approach, businesses can improve security coordination and effectiveness while upgrading security skills and conserving costs.

Collaborative: Businesses require cutting-edge AI-based engines that can be applied to every threat vector and automatically maximize protection. Businesses also want real-time shared threat intelligence obtained from all enforcement points and disseminated across the environment to ensure that preventative measures may be implemented as soon as possible.

“If you have a fire alarm on the sixth floor, we all know what to do. In cyber, one tool can stop an attack, but the threat may have spread to a different floor or come from a different area. We need tools that collaborate all the time. It’s not a simple task to achieve, but it’s necessary”, said Check Point CEO Gil Shwed in an interview with Forbes.

What Are the 4 P’s of Cybersecurity?

The four P’s of cybersecurity are a bunch of marketing mix, they are: 

1. Product – The products that Cyber Security is developing or has in the works to capture future markets.

2. Price – Cybersecurity’s pricing strategy in the various customer sectors in which it operates. 

3. Place (Distribution Channels) – The distribution mix of cyber security has taken on a new dimension with the rise of online retailing and the dominance of firms such as Amazon. 

4. Promotion (Cybersecurity Communication Strategy) – The rise of social media and online advertising has altered the Cybersecurity communication mix and strategy landscape.

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